GENERAL STI INFORMATION 

The following are some common STI's

This is general information and if you have any questions or concerns about conditions you might be experiencing you should talk with your doctor or visit your local Sexual Health Clinic

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Chlamydia

-increases risk catching or transmitting HIV 2 to 5 fold.

-1/2 of men infected show no symptoms.

-symptoms include discharge from penis and/or burning sensation when urinating.

-condoms can help prevent transmission.

-transmits through all genital fluids (including pre-cum).

-can last months or years if untreated.

Treatment

Chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics. It is important to tell your sexual partner(s) that you have chlamydia. They should get treatment. You and your partner should avoid sexual contact until you have completed treatment and have been told the infection is gone. Even if you are treated for this infection, you can get it again if you have sex with someone who is infected or has not been treated.

Syphilis

-increases risk of transmitting or contracting HIV 2 to 5 fold.

-condoms not always effective, as syphilis can be transmitted from contact with chancre (sore).

-untreated can result in blindness, nerve damage, hearing loss and even death.

-treatable with anti-bacterial medication.

Treatment

treatment should begin as soon as you find out that you have syphilis. Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics, usually penicillin. It is important to complete the treatment. If you are allergic to penicillin you will be given another antibiotic. Your sexual partner(s) should get tested and treated as well.  Once you've been treated you'll need to go for blood tests to make sure that the medication worked and that you are cured of the infection. Your doctor or nurse will inform you on when you are no longer able to pass on the infection.

Gonorrhea (also known as Clap or Drip)

-most men will have symptoms, but 1 out of 10 will not.

-symptoms include burning sensation or pain when urinating.

-rectal discharge, itching, soreness, bleeding or painful bowel movements.

-white, yellow-greenish discharge from penis and/or painful swollen testicles

-condoms help prevent infection

Treatment

Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. You should inform your sex partner(s) that you have the infection and they need to get treated too. Often people infected with gonorrhea are also infected with chlamydia. You and your partner(s) may need treatment for chlamydia as well.

Herpes

-condoms not always effective as can be transmitted by contact with sores (sometimes even when sores are visible)

-no symptoms or symptoms very mild symptoms (like bug bite) that can go unnoticed. Some people get very noticeable symptoms such as: painful blisters, itching and burning around genitals or anus. Some get flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands.

-when spread through oral sex, it can cause a very painful sore throat and tonsillitis.

-outbreaks come and go and generally last 5 days to 2 weeks.

-no cure, but outbreaks can be treated.

-increases risk of catching or transmitting HIV.

Treatment

Herpes cannot be cured, but it can be managed. There are medications that may help you prevent outbreaks or reduce how long an outbreak lasts.

Hepatitis

-Diseases of the liver. Three most common types of viral hepatitis are; Hep A, B and C.

-all three can be transmitted sexually.

Hep A

-causes nausea, diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and jaundice (yellow skin and eyes). Transmitted by microscopic amounts of fecal matter from infected person into the mouth of another person by food and other contact routes.

-can last up to 6-9 months

-once you have Hep A you cannot catch it again

-vaccine available

-will clear up on it's own, after running it's course

Treatment

There are no specific medicines to cure infection with hepatitis A. Most people require no treatment except to relieve symptoms.

If you have been exposed to someone who is infected with Hep A, there is a treatment that may prevent you from becoming infected. It is called immune globulin' and is more likely to be effective when given within 2 weeks of exposure.

Hep B

-causes nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, joint pain and jaundice.

-in small percentage of cases it becomes chronic.

-in 15-25% of chronic cases it can be fatal.

-transmitted through unprotected sex. It can be transmitted through small amounts of blood to blood contact (such as sharing toothbrushes, razors or sharing injection drug works)

-vaccine available

-treatments available to limit liver damage.

Treatment

There is no cure for Hepatitis B.  Most people with Hep B fight the infection off within 6 months. During this time you can pass it on to others. Once the body fights off the infection you are protected from ever getting the virus again and you can then no longer pass it on to others.

Hep C

-causes chronic liver disease and death. Can damage liver without overt symptoms.

-about 25% of individuals will clear infection on their own.

-transmitted mostly through blood to blood contact (like sharing toothbrushes, razors or injection drug works), maybe transmitted sexually, especially during rough sex or poorly lubricated anal sex - including fisting.

-no vaccine available yet, but treatment is available to limit liver damage.

Treatment

Some treatments are available. Consult your doctor for best treatment of Hep C.

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